Ink-jet printers are now ubiquitous in homes, offices, and schools worldwide. They can produce high-quality prints in various colours and have become a standard tool for printing text and images on paper. But how did ink-jet printers come to be?
The first ink-jet printer was invented in 1951 by a man named Rudolf Hell. This early printer used high-speed jets of ink to print patterns on paper and was used mainly for printing images onto wallpaper. However, the ink-jet technology of the time still needed to be advanced enough to produce the high-quality prints that we are used to today.
It was in the 1970s that ink-jet printing began to gain traction as a viable technology for printing documents and images. This was primarily due to the work of two engineers, Robert W. Gundlach and Robert L. Davidson, who worked at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center. They developed a method of using piezoelectric crystals to create ink droplets, which were then directed onto paper to form images and text.
This breakthrough led to the developing of the first commercial ink-jet printers in the 1980s. These early printers were expensive and had limited functionality, but they quickly found a market in home and small business use. As the technology improved, ink-jet printers became more affordable and capable, leading to widespread adoption.
Today, ink-jet printers are used for many applications, from printing documents and photographs to creating high-quality art prints. They have also found a place in industrial and commercial settings, where they are used to print labels, packaging, and other materials.
The history of ink-jet printers is a story of gradual improvement and innovation. From their early beginnings in the mid-20th century to their widespread use, ink-jet printers have come a long way and are an essential tool for printing in various settings.